Canadian University Grading System

Canada is an all-time favorite study destination for international student. So much so that it is often found ranking at the top of the list of almost every student aspiring to study abroad. Quality education, incomparable living condition, welcoming natives and a promising job market are some of the factors that make Canada appealing for international students. However, while applying to universities in Canada one may find himself at a loss because of the complicated grading system Canadian universities have. A diverse grading system of the Canadian education system is followed throughout the country. So if you are planning to study in Canada, you should have a good idea about this first. You can follow this guide to understand the grading system your future university might be following.

Factors that the Grading System Depends on

Universities in Canada do not follow a uniform grading system. Your grades may vary depending upon which region you are in, what university you go to or what form of education you have opted for. So, to understand your university’s grading system you might want to take a look at the university’s website first. The grading scale can vary from 4.0 to 9.0 grading scale and beside that, there are variations as well as combinations of letter grades, numerical scores and percentages that each region or university follows. For instance, Alberta has a teacher centric grading system where your teacher can decide whether your grade ‘A’ equals to 4.0 or 4.3. The same goes for British Columbia, Labrador and Newfoundland. In each region, the teachers get to decide what grading scale and system they want to follow.

Most Commonly Followed Grading Scale

Even though in Canada universities, even teachers have different scales to grade students, these two grading scales are seen most often.

SCALE I

SCALE II

Letter Grade

Percentage

GPA

Letter Grade

Percentage

GPA

A

92-100

4.33

A+

90-100

9

A

88-91

4

A

80-89

8

A-

85-87

3.67

B+

75-79

7

B+

82-84

3.33

B

70-74

6

B

78-81

3

B-

65-69

5

B-

75-77

2.67

C+

60-64

4

C+

72-74

2.33

C

55-59

3

C

68-71

2

C-

50-54

2

C-

65-67

1.67

D

40-49

1

D

55-64

1

F

0-39

0

F

0-54

0

   

 

Although there are many variations, these are roughly what each grade means;

Letter Grade

Description

A

Excellent

B

Very Good

C

Good

D

Average

E/F

Unsatisfactory

 

As a North American country, Canada has some similar grounds with USA regarding grading system. Each course you take in a semester has a specific number of hours, commonly known as credit hours. Credits are earned by the students depending on how much they utilize the credit hours from the grader’s viewpoint. Thus, credits and Credit hours are used to calculate GPA (Grade Point Average), that is, a student’s overall grade. However, the faculty decides the number of credits per course and mentions them in the course schedule.

Grading System in Some Regions

For your convenience, we are listing down the grading systems of some regions that international students usually go for study. As mentioned earlier, in Alberta, it is customary for teachers to decide the way letter grades convert into grade point. At the University of Alberta, SAIT Polytechnic, MacEwan University and University of Calgary, A+ can be translated as a 4.0 grade point, while in other territory it is converted to 4.3. Moreover, some other universities follow nine-point academic grading scale. So, in case you are planning to study in Alberta, be sure to check your University’s grading system first to get rid of any confusion.

In British Columbia, the sole failing mark is an F. Also, the faculties can sometimes follow other grading systems while converting letter grades into percentages. But, their grading system can be roughly sum up to this,

Letter Grade

Percentage

A

86-100

B

73-85

C+

67-72

C

60-66

C-

50-59

I

0-49

F

0-49

In Nova Scotia, the grading systems in all the universities are pretty much similar. You can follow the table below to understand their grading system.

Letter Grade

Percentage

A+

90-100

A

85-89

A-

80-84

B+

77-79

B

73-76

B-

70-72

C+

65-69

C

60-64

C-

55-59

D

50-54

F

0-49

 

Grading scale in Quebec and New Brunswick has the most in common with other scales from other territories as if it sums up all the scales. Some universities there have the F mark, and some universities use the 4.3 scale, instead of 4.33. You can check out the table below for understanding their grading system.

Letter Grade

Grade Point

A+

4.33

A

4.00

A-

3.66

B+

3.33

B

3.00

B-

2.66

C+

2.33

C

2.00

C-

1.66

D+

1.33

D

1.00

E

0.00

 

The grading system of Canada is indeed a complicated one. But if you study hard, this should be least of your problems. Whatever variation of grading scale your University may follow, it will not affect your hard work and dedication. Still, just to avoid confusion, you are recommended to check out your university’s grading system beforehand.

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